Aolib.comFragment of Photochrom print of the front of Neuschwanstein Castle, Bavaria, Germany (ca. 1897)

A History of the Four Georges, Volume I »

By Justin McCarthy

was the Charles John Koenigsmark celebrated in an English State trial as

the man who planned and helped to carry out the murder of Thomas

Thynne. Thomas Thynne, of Longleat, the accused of Titus Oates, the

“Wise Issachar,” the “wealthy Western friend” of Dryden, the comrade of

Monmouth, the “Tom of Ten Thousand,” of every one, was betrothed to

Elizabeth, the child widow–she was only fifteen years old–of Lord

Ogle. Koenigsmark, fresh from love—making in ‹8› all the courts of

Europe, and from fighting anything and everything from the Turk at

Tangiers to the wild bulls of Madrid, seems to have fallen in love with

Thynne’s betrothed wife, and to have thought that the best way of

obtaining her was to murder his rival. The murder was done, and its

story is recorded in clumsy bas—relief over Thynne’s tomb in

Westminster Abbey. Koenigsmark’s accomplices were executed, but

Koenigsmark got off, and died years later fighting for the Venetians at

the siege of classic Argos. The soldier in Virgil falls on a foreign

field, and, dying, remembers sweet Argos. The elder Koenigsmark, dying

before sweet Argos, ought of right to remember that spot where St.

Albans Street joins Pall Mall, and where Thynne was done to death. The

Koenigsmarks had a sister, the beautiful Aurora, who was mistress of

Frederick Augustus, Elector of Saxony, and so mother of the famous

Maurice de Saxe, and ancestress of George Sand. Later, like the fair

sinner of some tale of chivalry, she ended her days in pious

retirement, as prioress of the Protestant Abbey at Quedlinburg.

[Sidenote: 1714–Wooden shoes and warming—pans]

George was born in Osnabrueck, in May, 1660, and was therefore now in

his fifty—fifth year. As his first qualification for the government of

England, it may be mentioned that he did not understand one sentence of

the English language, was ignorant of English ways, history, and

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